Bouleuterion (City Council Hall)

     Located on the north side of the South Agora the city council hall Bouleuterion has a diameter of 35 m including the analemma, and a cavea diameter of 30 m. The Greco-Roman cavea faces south and seven-eight rows of marble seats are discernible. Some rows have slipped down into the orchestra while some others were dismantled and removed. Extant rows of seats bear incised letters suggest that the building was also used as an odeon, i.e. concert hall. Its capacity is about 500-600 people. Like the city theatres it is built on the natural ground. On the north side part of the analemma wall built with travertine blocks is visible. The cavea is arranged into three cunei with two stairways. The entrance façade to the south of the orchestra is arranged into three passageways with four piers and the middle one is wider. These piers were originally surmounted with Corinthian capitals enriched with baroque figural scenes depicting lions attacking bulls. Oyster shell shaped aedicula attested here is elaborately decorated and suggests that the structure was articulated with niches where statues were placed.
      Decorated architectural blocks reflect stylistic characteristics of the second century AD. It is likely that the bouleuterion was built together with the South Baths and South Agora on the occasion of Hadrian’s visit to the city in AD 135.


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