Building C (Church)

     Located on top of a hillock to the north of Ephesus Portico and to the southwest of the Nymphaeum of Caracalla this rectangular structure was built with travertine and marble blocks and measures 16.60x19.50 m extending in the northwest-southeast direction. It is accessed via three doorways on the southeast and terminates in an apse in the southwest. Its vaulted superstructure was built with bricks, broken architectural marble blocks, travertine fragments, and creek stones pressed altogether. Its floor was built with creek stones with mortar (opus caementicum) and paved with marble plaques on top. The building has rectangular niches at the ends of the long walls and four round niches on each long wall. Architectural decoration suggests a date in the Severan period. It was probably used for imperial cult. Statue bases were uncovered in the main apse and lateral niches indicating they were adorned with statues. The southern rectangular pier bordering the main apse is decorated in red paint with a menorah crowned with a cross on globe and flanked with trees of life on either side. This evidence as well as coins uncovered indicate that the building was converted to a church in the fourth century; the structure collapsed in the earthquake of 494.



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