Central Propylon

    The central propylon leading to the North Agora is placed in a rectangular recess to the north of the Syria Street. The double-winged doorway with a console above in the middle is flanked with three postaments on either side. Due to difference in floor levels a stairway of four steps lead down to the south portico of the North Agora. Postaments supported columns or piers crowned with cornered capitals of Corinthian order, an architrave of three fasciae, frieze, and geison-sima. Between the piers were balustrades. The two wings flanking the doorway area were roofed over with coffers decorated with reliefs whereas the central part was vaulted with decorated coffers. The coffers are decorated with fish, vegetal motifs such as opium and pomegranate, vases, and figures like Dionysus, Ariadne, Tyche-Hygieia, dancing pan, satyr, and maenad.
     According to excavation results Central Propylon was built about the end of the first quarter of the third century; it collapsed with the earthquake of the late third – early fourth century and was repaired in the reign of Diocletian (r. 284-305). It was destroyed entirely with the earthquake of 494. It remained in use through various repairs until the earthquake of Focas’s reign (r. 602-10).



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