East Byzantine Nymphaeum

     This rectangular nymphaeum adjoins the north wall of the north tower and the city wall. Measuring 21.50x9.85 m on the outside and 18.70x6.80 m on the inside it extends in the north-south direction. Positioned next to the East Byzantine Gate this important monument served those living outside the walls and those coming into the city. The thick walls of two stages were built with bricks, creek stones and lime mortar and form a basin of 2.20 m in depth. There are two drainage pipes in the floor – one in the north and the other in the south. A stairway was built between the south side of the pool and the northeast corner of the north tower in order to facilitate maintenance and cleaning. Here is a drainage system in the threshold. At the floor level of the niche in the north is another drainage pipe (terracotta inside and travertine blocks on the outside). This drainage channel is closed off with a marble strainer plaque. The east facing main façade is adorned with three niched fountains. Niches are flanked with reused travertine blocks and connected with a round arch. A pipeline coming from the Water Distribution Terminal II supplies the nymphaeum in the middle before the east side of the east city wall.
    Coins and other evidence uncovered in the course of excavations have clearly shown that the nymphaeum was built in the L-shaped corner of the city walls and towers built with the decision of AD 395/96 and it collapsed in the earthquake of early seventh century. The nymphaeum served the people from the fifth to the seventh century. Traces of the seventh-century earthquake are discernible in the pool.


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