House A

     An insula between two side streets branching off north from the Syria Street houses a townhouse. The work at the site started with a sondage of 5x5 m in 2006 and expanded year by year and completed in 2011 exposing the entire insula of 42x51 m. House A has a layout with a peristyle, typical from the Hellenistic period onward. The layout features rooms for living, sleeping and reception, kitchen, larder, storage etc. arranged around a courtyard. With its layout and architecture House A is the first example of domestic architecture uncovered at Laodikeia. This house complex exhibits the alterations depending on the change in social structure in Late Antiquity.
     House A covers an area of about 2000 sq. m. and has three peristyle courtyards surrounded with 47 rooms, five shops and two corridors. Based on coins, marble, pottery, glass, bone and metal finds uncovered and architectural features House A remained in use from the first to the seventh century and a total of five phases of use was attested:

Phase I:
first c. – third c. AD
Phase II: first half of third c. – second half of fourth c.
Phase III: second half of fourth c. – end of fifth c.
Phase IV: end of fifth c. – second half of the sixth c.
Phase V: early seventh c.

     West and East Alleys Bordering House A
: House A is bordered with a north-south side alley on the west and east. The two entrances in the west alley lead into the shops and eating-drinking rooms. This alley also leads to the Church of Laodikeia and the North Theatre further ahead. At the northwest corner of the insula is the Street Water Distribution Centre, which also supplied the House A. In the east alley are the entrances to the houses I and II within House A complex. At the north end of the street, at the junction with another alley is a two-storey house, whose balcony projection of the upper floor has been restored. Two marble Attic-Ionic column bases, two monolithic column shafts, capital with palmette motifs and consoles uncovered in situ were re-erected. Construction of the balcony designates fifth-sixth centuries. Projecting balconies was a common way of construction during Antiquity.


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