Nymphaeum B

   The structure located on the east side of the Stadium Street and to the southwest of the Central Baths’ palaestra. Latrina adjoins this nymphaeum on the south and southeast sides; water tank is on its east and on the west across is the Ephesus Portico. Thus, with its location at the T-junction of two important streets this nymphaeum welcomed those coming from the Ephesus Street into the Ephesus Portico, and supplied the neighbouring shops and other buildings. The rectangular building measures 18x6.30 m and its mixed masonry dating to the Late Antiquity contains reused travertine and marble pieces. Its pool was paved with terracotta bricks and then faced with marble. The fountain received its water supply from the tank located to its east, which was in turn supplied from the Water Distribution Terminal II located further east. The water pipes are of travertine to improve strength against pressure. In spite of scarce evidence Nymphaeum B is thought to be one-story, with colonnaded galleries along three sides of the rectangular pool, and pediments on top.

     It may be proposed that this fountain collapsed in the earthquake of 494 and that only its pool remained in use thereafter. Phase of intensive use is late third – early fourth century whereas partial use continued until the first half of the seventh century.

 

 


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