Syria Gate

     Located at the eastern end of the Syria Street, Syria Gate is mentioned in Lives of the Sophists by Lucius Fl. Philostratus (AD 170-247). Travertine blocks of this triple-arched gate are arranged in the area and include various architectural elements like Doric architraves, metope-trigliph blocks, arch voussoirs with three fasciae and cornice, marble consoles, worn pavement stones, and inscribed cornice blocks. The blocks of architrave, triglyph and metope bear a bilingual inscription in Greek and Latin telling that Tiberius Claudius Tryphon, a freedman of Emperor Domitian (AD 81-96), had the gate built in honour of the emperor and the city’s founder deity Zeus Megistos Soter during S. Iulius Frontinus’s Asia Minor proconsulship. 
     Marble consoles articulating the gateway are shaped as a ship’s prow in the front and rectangular at the back. The prow is flanked with dolphins on both sides, which indicates the overseas commercial connections of Laodikeia and importance paid to trade.


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